One stage of learning English someone needs to go through is to know how to use degrees of comparison. But, what are they?
The Definition of Degrees of Comparison
Degrees of comparison is an English grammar point we refer to when we are comparing one object with others. When we use degrees of comparison, we generally change the form of adjectives or adverbs we use to describe things or activities according to a certain comparison level—hence the name.
For an English learner, knowing this grammar point, what it is for, and how to use it is very important because object comparison is a very common conversation topic. In conversation, we often make comparison sentences about two or more objects. Objects we can compare using degrees of comparison can range from inanimate to living objects. We then describe which one has more “quality” than the others.
There are three degrees of comparison: positive degree, comparative degree, and superlative degree. We apply certain grammatical patterns or rules to signify different degrees of comparison in a sentence; the pattern applied for one degree is different from the others. Let’s take a closer look at them one by one!
Three Degrees of Comparison Patterns and Examples
This is the simplest form among three degrees of comparison because, well, you’re not really comparing. A positive degree is what you use when you’re describing an equal state between two objects. You can use the phrase ‘as … as’ in a sentence to signify a positive degree. Below are some examples of a positive degree:
- I want to look as beautiful as my mother.
- You should practice football as often as you can.
- Bambang looks as handsome as Sumanto.
This degree is used to compare two objects in one sentence using an adjective. We usually either add the suffix –er or –ier to the adjective or the word more before it to signify a comparison degree. For example, we turn the adjective angry into angrier. We can also use a comparative degree to compare two activities with an adverb. We usually add the word more before the adverb. Below are some examples of a comparative degree:
- The road is more slippery than you think.
- Learning Indonesian is easier than learning English.
Superlative means “the most”. This degree is used to show which one among three or more objects has the most “quality”. To signify a superlative degree, we usually either add the suffix –est to the adjective or add the most before it. For example, we turn the adjective happy into happiest. Below are some examples of a superlative degree:
- Eko is the laziest student in my school.
- Among the three footballers, Eko is the shortest.
How to Use Degrees of Comparison
As mentioned, we generally add -er/-est or more/most to an adjective or adverb for comparative and superlative degrees. However, different adjectives/adverbs need different patterns.
First, we usually use -er/-est with adjectives/adverbs that have only one syllable, such as slow, fast, cheap, and large. Next, we can use either -er/-est or more/most with adjectives/adverbs that have two syllables, such as famous, happy, clever, and easy. Finally, we usually use more/most with adjectives/adverbs that have three syllables, such as delicious, expensive, comfortable, and dangerous.
However, there are adjectives/adverbs that are irregular, so they don’t follow the rules above. They usually have fixed forms for both comparative and superlative degrees which can’t be changed, for example good-better-the best.
We hope that after learning the meaning, different types, and examples of degrees of comparison above, now you have improved your English ability a little bit. You can practice using them in your everyday conversation to distinguish and get used to different situations.
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